However, citing fuel costs versus a load factor of less than 85 percent, the service was discontinued in October 2008. The Capital Press, a weekly agricultural newspaper, is published in the city and is distributed throughout the West Coast. Come and take a guided or self-guided tour. Policy C-9 supports the following goals: 1. Kate Brown's stay-at-home order, imposed to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, drive around the state Capitol in Salem… S'inscrire avec Facebook. The Kalapuya people occupied present day Salem until the 1850s, when they were moved to the Grande Ronde Reservation in the western part of Salem. Some, like a meet-up near La Grande in eastern Oregon, are scheduled to start their convoy around 12:30 a.m. Prospering as migration increased over the Oregon Trail, the city became the territorial capital of Oregon in 1851. Participants from Lane County are heading to Salem in the early morning hours. By David Stabler | … [92], State capital city in Oregon, United States, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties, Johnson, Tony, Language Education Supervisor, CTGR Cultural Resources Division. Methodist missionaries, led by Jason Lee, settled the site in 1840. 2 C!s: Oregon City, Oregon: Corvallis, Oregon: de facto: If all you picked up tonight was this node title, it's time you went to a Brit nodermeet: It's the economy, stupid! For example, why doesn’t the state’s most prosperous city get the title of capital? The Oregon Capital is no different and the walls are filled with knowledge for those who thirst for history. Portland, even without its numerous suburbs, has long out-populated Salem. Other large parks located in the Salem area include the 1,680-acre (680 ha) Willamette Mission State Park north of the city, and Silver Falls State Park east of Salem. The river forms the boundary between Marion and Polk counties, and the city neighborhood of West Salem is in Polk County. Salem is also home to several public boarding schools, the Chemawa Indian School (a Native American high school), and the Oregon School for the Deaf. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Salem had a population of 174,365 in 2019,[7] making it the second-largest city in the state after Portland. A Gadfly in Salem: Why Oregon’s State Capital Needs UUCS. The rally’s organizers said they would drive to toward Salem and most left the caravan before that. Aerial Panoramic View Salem Oregons State Capital City. Vous avez un compte? Free Photos > Public Domain Images > Oregon State Capital in Salem, Oregon (17496/19187) To view or save this photo in High resolution, just click the photo to see the full image(the full image is much higher quality and not pixelated). ADVERTISEMENT. The first people of European descent arrived in the area as early as 1812; they were animal trappers and food gatherers for the fur trading companies in Astoria, Oregon. [45] The Elsinore Theatre is a historic landmark featuring recitals, concerts, films, and plays. All in all, expect to find plenty of professionals. The Salem Public Library's main branch is located just south of downtown. S'inscrire avec Google. The city was an early river port whose growth was stimulated by railroad connections in the 1870s. It is located in the center of the Willamette Valley alongside the Willamette River, which runs north through the city. Salem was originally inhabited by the Kalapuya, a Native American tribe. On April 25, 1935, this building was also destroyed by fire. The city of Salem became the capital of Oregon in 1851, and today it is recognized in the Pacific Northwest for its scenic beauty. Salem is in the heart of the Willamette Valley, initially settled by the Kalapuya Native American people. The following are Salem's city councilors:[30]. Numerous projects are underway to increase the supply of housing in the downtown core. Sporcle Live Spotlight: County Line Bar and Grill. What Is the Story Behind London Bridge is Falling Down? SALEM, Ore. (AP) — Hundreds of people gathered Monday afternoon in a small town south of Portland for a pro-President Donald Trump vehicle rally — just over a week after member of a far-right group was fatally shot after a Trump caravan went through Oregon’s largest city. Our government seems more Orwellian than ever, even as the leaders of our religious Association have taken a dystopian page from Fahrenheit 451. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.6% of the population. The population density was 2,994.0 people per square mile (1,156.1/km2). Learn how and when to remove this template message, seven radio stations broadcast from Salem, Tokyo International University of America, "Salemite realizes dream of publishing book", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Salem city, Oregon", "Distance from Salem, OR to Portland, OR", "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas", "Salem (Oregon) Online History - Salem's Name", "Salem (Oregon) Online History - Kalapuya", "Salem (Oregon) Online History - Brief History", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "2010 Census profiles: Oregon cities alphabetically R-S", "Oregon – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "Art fair is a party for Salem and its friends", "Landmark building's 80th birthday is reason to party", "The Answer: Salem Oregon's Tallest Building", "Home – Salem Chamber Orchestra | Salem, OR", "2010 Tree Cities USA Communities in Oregon", "Explore wine regions in Oregon: Willamette Valley", "Salem Magazine | Arts, Enterainment, Lifestyle and Home Living", Affirmative Action and Democratic Vistas: After the Supreme Court Michigan Cases, "Delta will suspend Salem flights in October", "Jon Heder returns as animated 'Napolean Dynamite, "Douglas J. McKay (1953–1956): Secretary of the Interior", "Willamette's 25th President: Biography | Willamette University", Capitals of the United States by jurisdiction, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salem,_Oregon&oldid=992397632, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles needing additional references from August 2011, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 01:54. The Native Americans who inhabited the central Willamette Valley at first European contact, the Kalapuya, called the area Chim-i-ki-ti, which means "meeting or resting place" in the Central Kalapuya language (Santiam). The median age was 34 years. Non-Hispanic Whites were 70.7% of the population in 2010,[27] compared to 88.6% in 1990.[28]. August, July and September are the most pleasant months in Salem, while December and January are the least comfortable months. Two stations are licensed to Salem but operate out of Portland: KPXG-TV and KRCW. The federal appeals court in San Francisco had upheld a Dallas, Oregon, school district policy that allows transgender students to use bathrooms and locker rooms that align with their gender identity. Salem (/ ˈ s e ɪ. l ə m / [1]) est la capitale de l’État de l’Oregon, aux États-Unis, et le siège du comté de Marion.Sa population s’élevait à 154 637 habitants lors du recensement de 2010, estimée à 173 442 habitants en 2018.Salem s’étend au centre de la fertile vallée de la Willamette.. Located almost equidistant from Eugene and Portland, Salem sits in the fertile Willamette Valley, … Please check with your tax advisor. Salem's mean annual temperature is 53 °F (11.7 °C);[23] its annual precipitation is 39.64 inches (1,007 mm), with an average 3.5 inches (8.9 cm) of snow included. Salem and its environs have a multitude of wineries and vineyards that are open to the public, including Oregon's oldest winery, Honeywood Winery. Other important streams that pass through Salem are Mill Creek, the Mill Race, Pringle Creek, and Shelton Ditch. In 1851, Salem became the territorial capital after it was moved from Oregon City. [37], The Salem Art Association sponsors the annual Salem Art Fair and Festival, which takes place at Bush's Pasture Park during the summer. Elevation within the city limits ranges from about 120 to 800 feet (37 to 244 m). Learn about the many ways you can help us preserve Oregon’s legacy and help shape the future of our state, including: There are also milk moustache and milk chugging contests for all the dairy aficionados out there. The capital was moved briefly to Corvallis in 1855, but was moved back to Salem permanently that same year. Grand Theater is newly renovated and is the home of Enlightened Theatrics, a professional theatre company and hosts the Salem Progressive Film Series on the third Tuesday nine months of the year. The monthly Salem Business Journal covers business and government. KYKN carries syndicated conservative talk hosts. [12][13] The Reverend David Leslie, President of the town's Trustees, also wanted a Biblical name, and suggested using the last five letters of "Jerusalem". It is bounded to the north by Washington, to the east by Idaho, to the south by Nevada and California, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. [53] In keeping with the city's "Cherry City" theme, flowering cherry trees have been planted along many Salem streets as well as on the Capitol Mall across from the Capitol. Capitol Pride (Salem's yearly Gay Pride Event) is held in early August.[46]. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 12% were 65 years of age or older. In 1850, the legislature passed an act designating Salem the capital. On the Pacific Highway and has 285 miles of paved roads, being only 60 miles from the Cascade Mountains and 85 miles from the Pacific Ocean. Agriculture has always been important to Salem, and the city has historically recognized and celebrated it in a number of ways. If you’ve never paid a visit to the state capital, it’s time for a winter road trip. The main structure of the current building was completed in 1938. It is a not-for-profit organization, and is also the city's largest private employer. Oregon grudgingly did as it was told, and Salem remains the capital of Oregon to this day. HUT Airport Shuttle provides transportation to Portland International Airport. The racial makeup of the city was 79.0% White, 1.5% African American, 1.5% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.9% Pacific Islander, 10.1% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. The State of Oregon remains the largest public employer and the Capitol is most compelling reason for visits to Salem, both for business with state institutions or as a tourist. The U.S. Congress passed a resolution to confirm that Salem was the capital, but the story didn’t end there. [48] A private survey commissioned by a local publication holds that the church is the tallest. From Wilsonville, WES Commuter Rail connects to TriMet routes in Beaverton, including MAX Light Rail. Salem's Department of Community Services' Parks Operations Division is responsible for a park system encompassing 1,874 acres (758 ha) with 29.53 miles (47.52 km) of trails, 46 parks, and another 55 open and undeveloped areas. It is bounded to the north by Washington, to the east by Idaho, to the south by Nevada and California, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Because Salem is the state capital, it has a multitude of government agencies, departments, and boards housed in buildings with architectural designs ranging from the early 20th century to examples of state-of-the-art civil building design. The Bite of Salem, held in July at the Riverfront Park, is an event similar to others such as the Bite of Oregon in Portland. [56] Salem Magazine, published quarterly, both in physical and digital (online) issues, focuses upon its people; its unique culture; and its downtown and surrounding neighborhood communities.[57]. Scream on the rides, stuff your face with funnel cakes, or enter your livestock and quilts if you think you can compete in these ninja-level statewide competitions. However, Salem’s capitol building ended up burning down, still leaving things up in the air. Your Oregon Capitol is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. during the week, and on occasional weekends for special events. Salem is a little under an hour's driving distance away from Portland. The Oregon State Fair takes place in Salem every August. It serves primarily general aviation and the Oregon National Guard – Army Aviation Support Facility (AASF). Download preview. They fished and harvested in the streams and fields of the area. Art and architecture: Don’t miss the Hallie… More The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. Despite the fact that Salem as the capital was law, not everyone was happy about the decision. Derek Pharr is Vice President of Products at Sporcle and an occasional writer of random topics and bad jokes. The First Capitol Building 1854-1855. The Santiam Canyon area, the Western Cascades and the High Cascades are to the east. Salem first became the capital in 1851. One staple of life was the camas root, and periodically the Kalapuya would set fires that would clear and fertilize the meadows where it grew. Apr 28, 2020 - Why is the city of Salem Oregon’s Capital? The largest private employers are in healthcare or the service industries. Salem is the capital city in the U.S. state of Oregon. It’s also a great place to take in the state’s history, art and culture. As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 154,637 people, 57,290 households, and 36,261 families residing in the city. Right after the bill was passed, the territory’s governor spoke out against it. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 48.45 square miles (125.48 km2), of which 47.90 square miles (124.06 km2) is land and 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2) is water. Northwest Television operates three television stations that have Salem transmitters: KWVT-LD, KSLM, and KPWC, which serve an area from Longview, Washington, to Eugene, Oregon. Why Oregon's suicide rate is among highest in the country. Located in the Oregon State Fairgrounds in North Salem, the fair offers exhibits, competitions and carnival rides. [38] Its displays, interactive exhibits, food, and performances attract thousands of visitors each year.[39]. KBZY is affiliated with the ABC Radio Network. Like most of the Willamette Valley area, Salem has a marine west coast climate (Köppen Csb) with some distinct characteristics of the Mediterranean climate. The State of Oregon is the largest public employer in the city, and Salem Health is the largest private employer. Addicting vs Addictive – What is the Difference? The Salem Capital Journal was defined by moxie and determination. [58], Minto-Brown Island Park is the largest at 1,200 acres (490 ha). Salem is the Anglicized form of the Hebrew word shalom, meaning peace. In addition to the Salem Public Library the Mark O. Hatfield Library at Willamette University is open to the public as well, although the hours are limited. 157,000), is the legislative pulse of Oregon. Oregon's second capitol building was completed in 1876 on the site of the original. Oregon, constituent state of the U.S. I like it! In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. Oregon Pioneer, also known as Gold Man, is an eight-and-a-half ton bronze sculpture with gold leaf finish that sits atop the Oregon State Capitol in Salem, Oregon, United States.Created by Ulric Ellerhusen, the statue is a 22 ft (7 m)-tall hollow sculpture.The gilded piece was installed atop the building in 1938 when a new capitol was built. Salem Knows About Your Secret love For Vinyl . It is recognizable by its distinctive pioneer statue atop the capitol dome that is plated with gold-leaf and officially named the Oregon Pioneer. A nine-hole course located in the woods of Woodmansee Park (located behind Judson Middle School), and a more open style 18-hole course located throughout Cascade Gateway Park. [50] The Salem Armory Auditorium has hosted touring bands including Korn and Phish. Salem is located in the north-central Willamette Valley, in Marion and Polk counties. 26. Smoke from five massive wildfires caused the worst air in the nation — likely in the world — to blanket Central Oregon. Updated Jan 10, 2019; Posted May 04, 2013 . As of the census of 2000, there were 136,924 people, 50,676 households, and 32,331 families residing in the city. recent questions recent answers. In order to settle a nasty argument between the residents living in the territory of Oregon about where the capital would be located, the US government in Washington DC intervened and bluntly told Oregon that Salem would be the capital. The first two capitols in Salem were destroyed by fire, one in 1855 and the other in 1935. The river forms the boundary between Marion and Polk counties, and the city neighborhood of West Salem is in Polk County. [18] Salem is nicknamed the "Cherry City", because of the past importance of the local cherry-growing industry. State government is Salem's largest employer, but the city also serves as a hub for the area farming communities and is a major agricultural food processing center. L'Oregon a pour capitale Salem tandis que la ville la plus peuplée est Portland. Across the Willamette River in West Salem is the 114-acre (46 ha) Wallace Marine Park, which includes a boat ramp and floating boat dock allowing easy access to the river for water sports. European-Americans settled in Salem in 1812 and made a living as trappers a… Light snowfall occurs in winter, but major snows are rare. By this time, the tribe had become nearly extinct from recurrent attacks by diseases that weakened their immune system. Males had a median income of $34,746 versus $26,789 for females. In their language, they called it Chim-i-ki-ti, which meant “meeting place” or “resting place.” The first settlers who came to the area were led by Methodist Jason Lee in 1840. Its largest city is Portland and its capital is Salem, both of which are in the northwestern part of the state. Establish a risk-based priority list 3. The Library participates in the Chemeketa Cooperative Regional Library Service, so Salem Public Library cards are also valid in the member libraries in Yamhill, Polk, Marion, and parts of Linn County. There were 50,676 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. Some, like a meet-up near La Grande in eastern Oregon, are scheduled to start their convoy around 12:30 a.m. Around 200 pro-President Trump demonstrators, some of them openly carrying guns, gathered outside the Oregon state capital building in Salem to … One school, Willamette Academy, is part of an outreach program run by Willamette University that is designed to expose under-represented students to the rewards of an academic life at an early age (7th–12th grade).[64]. Done and done. The city is home to Willamette University, Corban University, and Chemeketa Community College. Why Aren’t All Marvel Movies Part of the MCU? There were 57,290 households, of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. [23] The state capital is about 47 mi (76 km) south of Portland, but actually has a lower average temperature than that of Portland (54.4 °F or 12.4 °C),[23] due in part to the lower daily minima. grounds visable, willamette university, oregon pioneer, capital building, city, … Royalty-Free Stock Photo. Salem's central location provides access to a wide variety of recreational activities in a variety of climates and geographies year round. [8] Salem is the principal city of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Marion and Polk counties[9] and had a combined population of 390,738 at the 2010 census. Other theories include that it was in reference to Salem, Massachusetts. Salem is less than an hour driving distance away from Portland. Some, like a meet-up near La Grande in eastern Oregon, are scheduled to start their convoy around 12:30 a.m. Best Places to Live in Salem, Oregon Capital city - North-central Oregon in Willamette Valley, 50 miles south of Portland. Salem is the headquarters of the Oregon Department of Corrections and home to four state correctional facilities, including the Oregon State Penitentiary, Oregon's only maximum-security prison. Salem, capital of Oregon, U.S., and the seat (1849) of Marion county. In the end, it would be the people of Oregon who made Salem its capital, when the issue was decided by general election in 1862 and 1864. Rain is heaviest in late fall and throughout winter, and almost all of the annual precipitation falls between October and May, with a dry season from June through September. There were many names suggested, and even after the change to Salem, some people, such as Asahel Bush (editor of the Oregon Statesman), believed the name should be changed back to Chemeketa. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female. Oregon, constituent state of the U.S. The question is understandable. Intense debate between Whigs and Democrats resulted in the legislature designating Salem as the capital. Portland and its environs are to the north, while Eugene and its environs are to the south. Twitter Share. Parents sued over the policy in 2017, saying it caused embarrassment and stress. [17] In 1842, the missionaries established the Oregon Institute (the forerunner of Willamette University) in the area that was to become the site of Salem. The Salem Concert Band is a community band made up of professional and amateur musicians that performs several classical and pops concerts annually.[51]. Despite the fact that many of us have had to memorize them since we were children, U.S. capitals often seem unintuitive when you take the time to think about it. BUTTON.#5. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.10. Salem, the capital of Oregon, is located at a crossroads of trade and travel on former prairie lands along the Willamette River. Oregon City had the advantage of being centrally located. One of the most beautiful sites is when the cherry blossoms bloom. Salem, Oregon 25 contributions 2 helpful votes. Our greater Salem Subaru car repair center features some of the area's most skilled mechanics. Visit Your Capitol. Publisher: Crown; 1st edition (August 2, 1994). What Is the Real Meaning Behind ‘Ring Around the Rosie’? It is located in the center of the Willamette Valley alongside the Willamette River, which runs north through the city. However, being a river port town and situated on the Oregon Trail meant that Salem was prospering economically at the time. Marion Square Park is downtown next to Marion Street Bridge and has a skatepark and basketball court. As the state capitol, Salem is basically a low-calorie Washington D.C.: High on cherry blossoms and marble structures, low on corruption and intrigue. At this point, Eugene and Portland were the strongest contenders. Connexion. Salem is the home of Kettle Foods, Inc., a maker of potato chips since 1982. The population density was 3,228.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,246.5/km2). The governor and Oregon Supreme Court, however, refused to … Answer for question: Your name: Answers. Transportation includes public transit from Cherriots (legally known as Salem Area Mass Transit District), Amtrak service, and non-commercial air travel at McNary Field. At that time of its completion, it was the tallest commercial building in the state.[48]. The case came from a school district near Salem, Oregon’s capital city. Its brands include Flav-R-Pac and West-Pac frozen fruits and vegetables, and Santiam canned vegetables. [15] In the early 1850s, the Kalapuya, along with the other native peoples west of the Cascade Mountains, were removed by the U.S. government through a combination of treaties and force. [36] The event lasts for two days and is held at the Riverfront Park. The capitol grounds, which are maintained by the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, cover three city blocks and include Willson and Capitol parks. Helpful. Salem was founded in 1842, became the capital of the Oregon Territory in 1851, and was incorporated in 1857. [10] This area is, in turn, part of the Portland-Vancouver-Salem Combined Statistical Area. Over the years, the government seat moved from Oregon City to Salem to Corvallis—then back to Salem. The Oregon Symphony, based in Portland, presents approximately ten classical and pops concerts each year in Salem. [60], Other city parks include 101-acre (41 ha) Cascade Gateway Park and 23-acre (9.3 ha) Riverfront Park, which is adjacent to downtown and the Willamette River and is home to the Salem Carousel. The Coast Range and the Pacific Ocean is to the west. Near Salem, Oregon, United States The park features not only cherry trees and other plants favored by Oregonians, but tells a little history as well. The Salem Repertory Theatre presents shows at the Reed Opera House. Most are coming to Salem via Interstate 5 … Cette dernière s'étend au nord de la vallée de la Willamette qui regroupe 70 % de la population orégonaise [8]. The personal house and garden of landscape architects Elizabeth Lord and Edith Schryver, known as Gaiety Hollow, are on the National Register of Historic Places. In November 2003, the Sumitomo Mitsubishi Silicon Group (SUMCO), one of these arrivals, announced it would be closing its two silicon wafer plants at the end of 2004, eliminating 620 jobs, and moving production to other plants.[32]. Salem also has two disc golf courses. Salem /ˈseɪləm/ is the capital of the U.S. state of Oregon, and the county seat of Marion County. The state of Oregon is located in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. ON DECEMBER.3rd. Posted: February 23, 2020 at 10:30 am. Later, pro-Trump supporters and counter-protesters clashed in Oregon’s capital city of Salem. THE PCHPRIZE PATROL IS GUARANTEED TO AWARD A $2,500,000.00 PCH.GWY.NO.11389! Hotels near Oregon State Capitol: (0.47 mi) The Grand Hotel in Salem (0.60 mi) Century House of Salem Bed and Breakfast (2.06 mi) Hampton Inn & Suites Salem (2.04 mi) Best Western Plus Mill Creek Inn (0.63 mi) Betty's Bed and Breakfast; View all hotels near Oregon State Capitol on Tripadvisor This elevation in status was relatively short-lived, since the capital was moved once more, in 1855, to the neighboring town of Corvallis, some 37 miles / 60 km to the southwest. These projects will provide upscale, low- and high-rise condominium and office space. [11] When the Methodist Mission moved to the area, they called the new establishment Chemeketa; although it was more widely known as the Mill, because of its situation on Mill Creek. Its location attracts both beach lovers and skiers. Mostly cloudy skies and low cloud ceilings are commonplace during the rainy season. People protesting Oregon Gov. Later, pro-Trump supporters and counter-protesters clashed in Oregon’s Capitol city of Salem. Create a transparent CIP process 2. Salem is governed using the council–manager government model. [42], The Salem Film Festival has included feature films that were Oregon premieres.[43]. The first permanent American settlement in the area was the Jason Lee Methodist mission (1840) located in the area north of Salem known as Wheatland. Amtrak Cascades trains, operating as far north as Vancouver, British Columbia and as far south as Eugene, Oregon, serve Salem several times daily in both directions. [12] Some possible sources for the name "Salem" include William H. Willson, who in 1850 and 1851 filed the plans for the main part of the city, and suggested adopting an Anglicized version of the Biblical Hebrew word "שָׁלוֹם, Shalom", meaning "peace" (as well as "hello" and "goodbye"). As with most simple questions, this one is not that easy to answer. The capital was briefly moved to Corvallis, but in 1864 Salem was confirmed as the state capital by popular vote. It has a modest 150,000 people, but is known across the state as a great destination for skiing and wine. A 2019 estimate placed the metropolitan population at 400,408, the state's second largest. Non-partisan. It is located in the state capital, Salem. Northern and eastern Salem are less hilly. 2,994.0 people per square mile ( 454.4/km2 ) through Labor day Oregon in 1851, the became! May be named after Salem, Oregon 1888-1907 tribe had become nearly extinct from recurrent attacks by diseases weakened! Have extensive hiking, biking, and the average family size was 2.55 and the County and... Oregon Capitol is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. during the week, and the County seat power., settled the site of the Oregon Institute was established, the city 1844, the government employs 30 of. 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